Detail from The Procession of the Trojan Horse in Troy by Domenico
Tiepolo (1773), inspired by Virgil’s Aeneid
Homer (希腊共和国（Ελληνική Δημοκρατία）小说家荷马)
In modern-day Turkey, many archaeologists believe that this was once the
site of the ancient city of Troy. In the 11th century BC, the mighty
heroes and Greek gods fought in a decade-long battle called the Trojan
War. This bloody war symbolised the age of the heroes or so said the
Greek poet Homer, whose bookThe Iliad,recounted the long and bloody
conflict in approximately 1200 BC.
Map of the Troad, including the site of Troy
A Trojan Prince named Paris visited Greece. There he met Helen, said to
be the most beautiful woman in the world and the wife of Menelaus the
king of Sparta. Paris then eloped with Helen, sweeping her off to Troy
but King Menelaus wanted her back. Thus began the long and infamous
Trojan War. Homer said it took ten years and over a thousand Greek ships
to defeat Troy. Finally, the clever ruse of the Trojan horse enabled the
Greeks to sack the city.
The Abduction of Helen (1530–39) by Francesco Primaticcio, with
The Burning of Troy (1759/62), oil painting by Johann Georg Trautmann
But were the heroes of the Trojan War such as Nestor, Ajax and Achilles
real historical figures? Or was the story merely inspired fiction?
Historians debated whether the Trojan War occurred at all. Yet, one
amateur archaeologist devoted his life to try to prove the story true.
His name was Heinrich Schliemann, a self-made millionaire, who in 1875
excavated a site he presumed to be Troy. There, he found palace walls
and gilded tombs of Bronze Age Kings. He felt sure that they were the
remains of the mighty city Homer had written about.
Triumphant Achilles dragging Hector’s body around Troy, from
a panoramic fresco of the Achilleion
Ajax and Achilles playing a board game (Black-figure Attic lekythos, c.
Walls of Troy, Hisarlik, Turkey
“I believe there probably was a Trojan War. There’s a great deal of
evidence that the city of Troy was sacked numerous times. In fact, it’s
staggering how many times that city was was sacked and destroyed by
presumably invading armies and fires over a period of centuries, and to
which strata of Troy, Homer’s Iliad pertains, I don’t think anyone can
The city of Troy and the heroes have clashed in the legendary Trojan War
are among the most haunting symbols of the ancient world. Although for
most ancient Greeks, their gods and heroes were a fact of life. There
are a few who questioned their existence.
“Heraclitus is another philosopher around that time, said the gods lie
and steal and commit adultery. Who can believe in gods like these?”
As Christianity swept through the Mediterranean, the mighty and
mischievous Greek gods and heroes replaced by other divinities. Yet in
some form, the gods of ancient Greece still exists today.
“随着东正教席卷波弗特海，其他神灵取代了有力、爱恶作剧的希腊共和国（The Republic of Greece）神和强悍。不过某种方式上，那么些洪荒希腊（Ελλάδα）众神照旧现存于今。”
“The gods continue to exist in one sense that we’re still talking about
them, we read about them, we hear about them, particularly in Greece and
Italy. We can find cults of various saints within Christianity that seem
to be rooted in the very same ancient places, where there used to be
worship of ancient deities.”
The gods who were believed to have lived here 3,000 years ago, still
have the power to haunt the modern imagination, a tribute to the
magnetic draw of the past, which beckons us in search of history.
韦德娱乐1946手机版，Source from: Youtube
Dictated by: Nieve
Translated by: Nieve